Herbert George Wells, commonly known by the name H.G. Wells, was born on September 21st, 1866 in Bromley, England. H.G. Wells was one of three sons born to Sarah and Joseph Wells. Sarah was a housekeeper, and Joseph a shopkeeper, who according to Darren Harris-Fain, enjoyed playing cricket more than he enjoyed his work. H.G. Wells kindled his passion for reading when he broke his leg in 1874 (“H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells”). Wells’ formal education was limited, replaced with apprenticeships in different trades. Eventually, he was able attend school, and later attending on a scholarship. He subsequently began to write and edit for Science Schools Journal. In 1887, Wells and his cousin, Isabel Wells, fell in love. He left school in order to earn a living, and to marry Isabel. However, he became sick with Tuberculosis, later earning a Bachelor of Science degree in 1890. Eventually, Wells married Isabel in 1891 after recovering from his illness. He started teaching at the University Correspondence College in 1890, and left in 1891. This is where he met his second wife, Amy Robbins. According to Harris-Fain, Robbins, a friend of Isabel’s, started to draw Wells’ attention just a few weeks after the wedding in 1891. Wells moved in with Robbins, who was a student of Wells’ at the university, in 1893 (“H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells”). It took an additional two years for Wells to divorce Isabel in 1895, coincidentally he married Robbins later that year. Kevin Dettmar states that Wells was well know for his affairs during the course of his marriages, which came to fruition later in his life (“H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells”). Wells continued his writing for Journals, this time as his source of income, until he started writing books. In 1895, at the age of twenty-nine, Wells published his first four books: Select Conversations with an Uncle, Now Extinct, and Two Other Reminiscences, The Time Machine: An Invention, The Wonderful Visit, and The Stolen Bacillus, and Other Incidents. In 1901, Wells and his wife welcomed George Wells into the world, followed by Frank Wells in 1903. He also fathered a child with Rosamund Bland in 1909, named Anne. In 1927, Amy Robbins died, and Wells went on to roam as an academic. Overall, H.G. Wells went on to publish over 100 works in his lifetime, including The Island of Doctor Moreau, War of the Worlds, and The Time Machine. As mentioned by Harris- Fain, some of Wells novels are the best and most significant forms of the science fiction genre (“H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells”). After World War I ended, Wells actively supported the League of Nations. It is implied by Harris-Fain, that writing Mr. Britling Sees it Through, may have attributed to this support (“H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells”). In the 1920s Wells became active politically, cresting with a failed run for office in Parliament. Wells died August 13th, 1946, in London, England due to an illness. Wells’ papers are located at the University of Illinois Library, Urbana-Champaign.
Dettmar, Kevin J. H. "H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells." British Short-Fiction Writers, 1880-1914: The Romantic Tradition, edited by William F. Naufftus, Gale, 1995. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 156. Literature Resource Center, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/H1200003829/LitRC?u=viva_uva&sid=LitRC&xid=007e7c0c. Accessed 13 Mar. 2018.
Harris-Fain, Darren. "H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells." British Fantasy and Science-Fiction Writers Before World War I, edited by Darren Harris-Fain, Gale, 1997. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 178. Literature Resource Center, link.galegroup.com.proxy01.its.virginia.edu/apps/doc/H1200007703/LitRC? u=viva_uva&sid=LitRC&xid=cbafc98b. Accessed 12 Mar. 2018.