**Please refer to the entries for The Caine Mutiny and The Winds of War for a biographical overview.** The prevalence of the Jewish voice in Wouk's work is something that has followed him throughout his career. The novel “Marjorie Morningstar” focuses on American Jewish life and sparked dialogue about Jewish presence in America, and this ideas filtered into subsequent works. Wouk served as a naval officer in World War II, and he also used these experiences to publish many bestsellers (such as “The Caine Mutiny”, and “The Winds of War” and “War and Remembrance”). There is also insight about his war experience within “Inside, Outside” centered around the failing presidency and explosion of war. The idea behind “Inside, Outside” is centered around the debate about the pessimistic state of American Judaism and the author’s optimistic portrayal. Because Wouk was raised Jewish in the Bronx, NY, many of his personal experiences come into play in the larger social tie this novel has to American Judaism in the city. The New York area has always been home to the majority of Orthodox Jews in the U.S. Certain norms were expected of those rising in the class system, which conflicted with the ideals set out in traditional Judaism, but many who immigrated as adults still adopted the American norms. The ideas of Jewish assimilation play a huge role in "Inside, Outside", with the character Israel Goodkind. The president he is an assistant to embodies some resemblance to Nixon and his relation to the Watergate scandal, thus adding political commentary. Many of Wouk’s life influences are hinted at in the novel, such as the Russian Jewish family (like his own) and the navigation through city life, like his experience in the Bronx. He ties in his cultural knowledge of the family and Judaism into a crafted tale of assimilation and politics. This novel is deemed as “close to being an outright biography as he is likely to right” (Eisenhower). The tale of Israel Goodkind reflects Wouk’s life. The ideas of staying true to his Jewish identity (aka the Inside) and the struggle with exposure to the city and the new way of life (the outside) are fleshed out. This novel was published right after his very popular novels: “The Winds of War” in 1971, and “War and Remembrance” (1978). “Inside, Outside” is different in many aspects, but war and politics still play an important role in Wouk’s storytelling, especially through American relations with Israel as is depicted in the novel. Little, Brown and Co has been publishing with Wouk since 1959 with: “This is My God: The Jewish Way of Life” and continued with Wouk after this novel with titles: “The Hope” in 1993, and “The Glory” in 1994, and “A Hole in Texas” (2004). The publication of “Inside, Outside” was right in the middle of their publishing relationship. Overall, the novel added to Wouk’s career as an American Jewish writer, and shed light on his talent to incorporate light humor into political commentary. This widens readers’ exposure to Jewish living and hardships building on previous insights in his other novels. Useful Sources:
*Campenni, Frank. "Herman Wouk: Overview." Contemporary Novelists, by Susan Windisch Brown, 6th ed., St. James Press, 1996. Literature Resource Center, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/H1420008808/LitRC?u=viva_uva&sid= LitRC&xid=d8251430. Accessed 7 Mar. 2018
*Eisenhower, John “Wouk Hits Close To Home With His `War Of Generations`.” n.d. Tribunedigital-Chicagotribune. Accessed March 12, 2018. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-03-24/entertainment/8501160592_1_jewish- orthodox-religion-minsk.
*“Fiction Book Review: The Hope by Herman Wouk, Author Little, Brown and Company Inc $24.95 (693p) ISBN 978-0-316-95519-5.” n.d. PublishersWeekly.Com. Accessed March12, 2018. /978-0-316-95519-5.
*Herman Wouk - Inside, Outside. n.d. Accessed March 12, 2018. http://www.hodder.co.uk/HodderStoughton/books/detail.page?isbn=9781444776645.
*“Herman Wouk.” n.d. Biography. Accessed March 11, 2018.https://www.biography.com/people/herman-wouk-20631823.
*“Herman Wouk.” 2016. Book Series in Order. October 4, 2016. https://www.bookseriesinorder.com/herman-wouk/.
*Lewis, Michael J. "How This Magazine Wronged Herman Wouk: A 65-year injustice, rectified." Commentary, Feb. 2013, p. 35+. Literature Resource Center,http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A317074065/LitRC?u=viva_uva&sid= LitRC&xid=5a74d8b7. Accessed 7 Mar. 2018.
*“Little, Brown and Company.” 2017. Hachette Book Group (blog). June 29, 2017. https://www.littlebrown.com/.