Harris, Thomas: Hannibal
(researched by Tiffany James)

Assignment 1: Bibliographical Description

1 First edition publication information (publisher, place, date, etc.)

Delacorte Press Random House, Inc New York ,NY June 8,1999 The Book was published simultaneously in Canada. Copyright in 1999by Yazoo Fabricatioons, Inc

2 First edition published in cloth, paper, or both? If both, simultaneous or staggered?

The First Edition is a hardcover. The paperback edition of this book was later published. This is clearly seen beacuse Anthony Hopkins is on the cover of the book which references the Hannibal Movie which wasn't made until after the book was first published.

3 JPEG image of cover art from first edition, if available

4 Pagination

242 leaves, 484 pages [1]2-14[1]16-21[1]23-25[1]27-33[1]35-36[1]38-44[1]46-51[1]53-66[1]67-71[1]73-82[1]84-93[1]95-97[1]99-101[1]103-105[1]107[4]112-117[1]119[1]121-126[1]128-132[1]134-138[1]140-141[1]143[1]145-147[1]149-152[1]154-156[1]158-160[1]162-164[1]166[1]168[1]170-172[1]174-176[1]178-179[1]181-182[1]184-192[1]194-205[1]207-208[1]209-210[1]212-213[1]215-216[3]220-221[1]223-227[1]229-230[1]232-235[1]237-238[1]239-242[1]244-246[1]248-257[1]259-265[1]267-272[1]274-278[1]280[1]282-285[1]287-290[1]292-295[1]297-298[1]300-302[1]304-310[1]312[1]314-315[1]317-320[1]322-323[1]325[1]327-328[1]330-333[1]335-336[1]338-339[1]341-342[3]346[1]348[1]350-351[1]353-360[1]362-364[1]366-370[1]372-373[1]375-379[4]384-390[1]392-393[2]396-398[1]400[1]402-412[1]414-415[1]417-423[1]425-431[4]436[1]438-446[1]448-454[1]456-463[1]465-475[1]477-481[1]483-484

5 Edited or Introduced? If so, by whom?

This book is not edited nor introduced.

6 Illustrated? If so, by whom?

The book is not illustrated.

7 JPEG image of sample illustration, if available

8 General physical appearance of book (Is the physical presentation of the text attractive? Is the typography readable? Is the book well printed?)

The book is very attractive. The cover art is eye-catching while representing the book well. It sticks out a lot to the reader. There is a symbol on the front which is an emblem that shows a child emerging from the jaws of a curling snake.This along with the title of the book and the author is written in a silverish grey. The background of the book is a bloody red with black overtones. I have recently purchased the book so it appears in excellent condition. The symbol on the front in slightly raised which sticks out a lot. The roman typography is readable because it is not too small. The line spacing is .5mm which also makes the book easy to read since the sentences are not too close together. At times in the book there are passages and words written in italic which is also attractive and draws much attention to these important passages. The book is very well printed and set up. Each chapter begins with the number of the chapter on top and the text begins half way down the page. This pattern is consistent throughout the book.The length of th book is 24mm and the width is 16mm. The size of the type is 11.5R.

9 JPEG image of sample chapter page, if available

10 Paper (Assess the original quality of the paper used for the book. Is the paper in the copy or copies you examined holding up physically over time?)

The paper is smooth and white. It is also slighty textured to the touch. The paper seems to be holding up very well.None of the pages are torn and reflect any damage.The only sign of aging is a slighty dingy color of the pages when you look at it from the binding. The paper is thick and of good quality.

11 Description of binding(s)

The spine is made of cloth and is black. The rest of the bookcover is a bloody red color. Thomas Harris' signature is written on the front in a gold script typeface. The binding has the name of the author and title of the book written in a gold roman typeface. Inside the endpapers are colored red and black. The colors are mixed on the page with a pattern that looks like the result of a sponge being pressed on the page.

12 Transcription of title page

Recto: HANNIBAL with a page break underneath and underneath that THOMAS HARRIS is written. This is all in the middle of the page. On the bottom om the page in small letter DELACORTE PRESS is written. Verso:The publiher and copyright information is written. Also ssources of books that are made referenced to in the book are written.

13 JPEG image of title page, if available

14 Manuscript Holdings

No record of manucript holdings.

15 Other (typograpical information from title page, etc.)

The cover art of the book shows the coat of arms for the Visconti, from whom Hannibal believes he has descended. The front flap of the dust jacket gives a sort of prelude to the book. The inside flap in the back of the book has a picture of Thomas Harris and a brief biography. It also has a web address for a Thomas Harris website and states that the artist for this book is Craig Decamps. The back of the dust jacket to the book has nothing written on it. It just has a sort of red and black depiction of veins or maybe the scales of a snake. The only thing printed is the bar code at the bottom of the page.

Assignment 2: Publication and Performance History

1 Did the original publisher issue the book in more than one edition? If so, briefly describe distinguishing features of each (illustrations, cover art, typography, etc.); if not, enter N/A

Yes, There is a large print edition of Hannibal. Delacorte Press published the largeprint edition July 1999. The book remains the same except for the typography of course which is much larger in the text and on the flaps. The cover remains the same except fot the blurb "Large print edition" across the top.

2 JPEG image of cover art from one subsequent edition, if available

3 JPEG image of sample illustration from one subsequent edition, if available

4 How many printings or impressions of the first edition?

The first printing was 1.3 million copies.

5 Editions from other publishers? If so, list their dates and publishers; if not, enter N/A

Presse Pocket: March 2002 Dell Books (Paperbacks) : May 2000 William Heinemann Ltd( a publishing company in England) Dell Publishing Co.: May 23, 2000

6 Last date in print?


7 Total copies sold? (source and date of information?)

Thomas Harris's Hannibal had 1.7 million sold as of June 17,2000

8 Sales figures by year? (source and date of information?)

Hannibal sold 58,319 in its first five days after it was published in July. Hannibal then sold 62,000 copies by July 14.

9 Advertising copy (transcribe significant excerpts, briefly identify where ads were placed)

10 JPEG image of sample advertisement, if available

11 Other promotion

The sales of Hannibal launched because of the great success of its prequel, Silence of the Lambs. It continued to launch promoted by the movie, Hannibal. The movie promoted the book a lot since Anthony Hopkins held an Oscar-winning role and rhe move had high ratings.

12 Performances in other media? If so, list media, date, title, production information; if not, enter N/A

MGM released a movie based of the book Hannibal starring Anthony Hopkins on February 9, 2001 Nationwide. Bantam Books-Audio also produced an unabridged edition of Hannibal on audio cassete June 8, 1999.

13 Translations? If translated, give standard bibliographic information for each translation. If none, enter N/A

There is a french translation published by French & European Pubns onJanuary 1, 2000. There is also a spanish translation published by Editorial Grijalbo, South America de C.V. in 1999.

14 Serialization? If serialized, give standard bibliographic information for serial publication. If none, enter N/A

N/A, not serialized.

15 Sequels/Prequels? Give standard bibliographic information for each. If none, enter N/A

The prequel to Hannibal is Silence of the Lambs. Harris, Thomas. Silence of the Lambs.St. Martin's Press. New York.May 1991

Assignment 3: Biographical Sketch of the Author

1 Paste your biographical sketch here (maximum 500 words)

Thomas Harris was born in Jackson, Tennessee but shortly after moved to his father's hometown,Rich,Mississippi so that his father could pursue a career in farming. After being accepted to Baylor University at age 18 he went to college in Waco, Texas. Here Harris was able to exercise his interest in writing. He declared an English major while working as a reporter for the News-Tribune by night. Harris was very dedicated to his schoolwork and night job but still found time for a social life. While in school, he met and married a fellow student named Harriet. They had one daughter, Anne, before they divorced in the 1960s. During this time Harris still pursued his writing career. He often sent macabre stories to magazineslike "True" and"Argosy". When he graduated in 1964, he spent some time traveling through Europe before he began a job working for the Associated Press in New York, where he was a general-assignment reporter from 1968 to 1974. He covered various crime stories in this job daily. This helped him to get valuable insights into the world of crime that we see illustrated in his published works, especially in his first novel, Black Sunday, published in 1975. It is a story about a group of Arab terrorists who with the aid of a Vietnam veteran commandeer the Goodyear Blimp and use it in an attempt to bomb the Super Bowl. He worked on this book with some of his fellow reporters at Associated Press and the novel was sold to Putnam press. It became a bestseller and a popular movie, and suddenly, Harris had a new career on his hands. After the release of Black Sunday, Harris devoted himself full-time to writing fiction spending a large amount of time researching each one of his books. For that reason, his next novel, Red Dragon, was not completed until six years later in 1981. This novel's story of an FBI agent's search for a serial killer introduced Harris' most popular character. A psychiatrist turned psychotic, Hannibal "The Cannibal" Lecter. This novel's success paved the way for Harris' next novel, The Silence of the Lambs released 7 years later in 1988. The novel, like Harris' others, was a big bestseller and turned into a nationwide phenomenon when it was adapted to film starring Anthony Hopkins as Hannibal. Harris, being a perfectionist, took his time after this success and published Hannibal in 1999, the sequel to The Silence of the Lambs. This novel followed the path of his other works and made Bestseller lists and was eventually made into a motion picture. This is the last novel that Harris has written year to date. Harris hasn't granted an interview in 20 years, though he will pose for a photograph or two. Hannibal was launched with no publicity tour or book signings, but that didn't keep it from being one of the most hotly anticipated books of the year.

Assignment 4: Reception History

1 Paste contemporary reception history in here (maximum 500 words)

Hannibal is definitely a novel with mixed reviews. The responses to this long anticipated sequel is rooted from its prequel Silence Of the Lambs which did exceptionally well on the bestseller lists. Critics everywhere asked the question of what this book would accomplish in comparison to its prequel. Though some negative reviews exist, overall the novel is successful. Amazon.com gives Thomas Harris' Hannibal three stars which remains a star short compared to some of Harris' other works on the bestseller list, including Red Dragon and Silence of the Lambs. However, even though it is a little less than some of its counterparts that Harris has written, the book still earns its title on the bestseller list. A common theme in the reviews of this book is the extent to which this book can be categorized as a thriller. The reviews of this book definitely agree that this book will cause chills to run down one's spine when reading it. Hannibal definitely lives up to its New York Times Review when it's stated "Interested in getting the hell scared out of you? Buy this book on a Friday ... lock all doors and windows. And by Monday, you might just be able to sleep without a night-light." Other reviews along these lines come from the Los Angeles Times which comments "Relentless -- endlessly terrifying." And the Denver Post, which states "Strap yourself in for one heck of a ride -- it'll scare your socks off." Harris takes you into a mind of a killer, introduced in the prequel of the book Silence of the Lambs crafting a chilling portrait of insidiously evolving evil. In this book much is revealed about the cannibal, Hannibal. Harris slightly humanized this super villain by giving us cause for his aberrant behavior- childhood trauma. This psychological wound suffered in childhood explains, if not his cannibalism, then his increasing attraction to Clarice Starling. Though opposition exists, critics appreciated knowing the early story, and thought it left intact Lecter's larger-than-life status, according to Angelica Reison the critical editor for Writershome.com. The book is revered for Harris creativity. Random House comments "Powerful, hypnotic, utterly original, Hannibal is a dazzling feast for the imagination. Prepare to travel to hell and beyond as a master storyteller permanently alters the world you thought you knew". Lastly, the books plot has been reviewed as unexpected and shocking which caused critics to react negatively and positively. Some enjoy reading it while others were upset because of what they anticipated. Harris puts a twist in the books plot, which was expected to follow the pattern of its prequel, Silence of the Lambs. Hannibal Lecter was at large at the end of Silence, so it was obvious what pattern the sequel would have to follow. Clarice Starling and her FBI colleagues would track the doctor down. However, Harris instead introduces a new character and implements a cat-and-mouse game between Lecter and one of his past victims. The FBI hunt becomes incidental. Though a pattern from the prequel was not used critics, though aghast at first, commend Harris for his work. Reviews praise the injection of the new character.

2 Paste subsequent reception history in here (maximum 500 words)

Assignment 5: Critical Analysis

1 Paste your critical analysis in here (maximum 2500 words)

Thomas Harris has had a huge success in delivering his series of novels starring the character Hannibal. All of these books have appeared on Bestseller lists in America and beyond. After introducing the character of Hannibal Lecter in Silence of the Lambs, which was released in 1988, critics in favor of this bestseller had expectations to live up to in Hannibal. The success of the book was so extreme in that before the release of Hannibal it might seem to be a hard act to follow, but in the end Harris has done it. In many aspects Hannibal earns its title as a bestseller and to much extent can be categorized as one. According to Clive Bloom, author of Bestsellers: Popular Fiction Since 1900. In theory a best seller can be defined as the work of fiction sold in the most units (books in a given price range) to the most people over a set period of time. A vast number of novels are published each year. In the flux of new products which the book trade produces, only a minority achieve some more of a less permanent existence and stay in a view for longer than the moment granted to most novels claims Sutherland the author of Bestsellers. Permanence of a less absolute kind is achieved by bestsellers. For a season, extending usually from a few weeks to year, these novels withstand forces, which push most fiction to be forgotten. In accordance to Bloom's theology, "Hannibal" is obviously a best seller due to its sale records from the time of its publishing date until now. It has sold way over 1.7 million copies which was last recorded in 2000. However, a best seller in practice contains other qualities that characterize its position. "Hannibal" possesses these characteristics as well. Very largely speaking, the bestseller has two functions. The first is economic. It exists to sell the best and make money for its producers and merchandisers. Hannibal's sale of books definitely fulfills this function. The second more flexible function is ideological. The bestseller expresses and feeds certain needs of the public. One of the most striking features of the bestseller, compared to the ?literary' novel is the all-or-nothing nature of its achievement. It is commonly, the book that everyone is reading now, or that no one is reading anymore. Hannibal fortunately has remained the book that audiences still want to read. Hannibal is able to achieve the attention of its audience because of the character that Harris invents, Hannibal The audience is first introduced to Hannibal Lecter in Silence of the Lambs .The plot in short was about a serial killer named Buffalo Bill who kills and mutilates six young women who were found in rivers. Clarice Starling a FBI trainee is sent on a special assignment with the goal of catching Buffalo Bill. She has to interview Dr. Hannibal Lecter, a very dangerous psychopathic killer who likes to eat the body parts of his victims. Buffalo Bill once had been Lecter's patient and so the FBI hopes to find the criminal through Lecter's knowledge about him. Much interest in Hannibal revolves around the games he plays with Clarice. While he provides her with snippets of data that can lead her to the criminal, he systematically uncovers and enjoys her personal fears. In the end Buffalo Bill is caught but Hannibal escapes from his captivity. The horror of Hannibal Lecter returns in Hannibal. Harris however makes Hannibal the target. The setting is seven years since Hannibal had the daring escape from special custody in which he left five guards dead. Agent Starling who interviewed him seven years ago still remembers the metallic rasp of this demented genius. She is set out to find him when she gets a letter from him. Mason Verger, one of Hannibal's old victims, is also introduced in this book, which wants to gain revenge from Hannibal who nearly killed him. Mason Verger was a patient of Lecter's in the past and Lecter drugged him and convinced him to slice off his face with a piece of broken glass. Now, years later, all he cares about is capturing Lecter and torturing him to death. The plot has a whole new focus in the sequel, Hannibal. The target of the novel is not one of his patients but the doctor himself. Harris also makes the story intriguing by making Hannibal the target of one of his old patients. The bestseller is also nowadays associated with a high degree of hype and gimmickry. Hannibal's persona enchants American audiences because, in several respects, he serves as the perfect mirror-the hype. That is, Americans find many qualities in his character, wishing they were qualities of their own-to be most desirable; he is well learned in historical and present-day culture, he has the tact charm of a Cobra, and he wields ambiguous yet absolute power over anyone he encounters. In the novel Hannibal is able to lure Clarice into his home. After many years of finishing her case with Hannibal Clarice is still willing to go on a hunt for him after he writes her a letter. Her interest in Hannibal goes far beyond capturing this psychopathic killer. Clarice, though she does not admit it, feels an obligation to go out and seek the doctor who uncovered her fears and thoughts years before. Clarice never reveals her psyche to Dr.Lecter; instead he gets deep into her mind unknowingly as she tries to get into his in the prequel. He has a mental hold on Clarice, which ultimately turns into a physical one as he captures her in the end of the novel. Also serving to delight the American audience, Hannibal's essence includes a gimmick; he kills people and then consumes portions of their remains. Hannibal illustrates more of these gruesome acts. One that is worth noting is one of the final scene in which he is eating brains. Critics everywhere acknowledged this scene. It can be analyzed that he eats his victims because even though his powerful skills of perception allow him to analyze people within seconds, he cannot fully captivate them until he has literally brought them within the confines of his own body. Dr.Hannibal Lecter reflects the idealistic traits longed for by most Americans as well as their craving for rather gruesome intrigues. There is no doubt that people find interest in all things exotic, and most deviant behavior occurs infrequently enough to be called such. Witnessing a man of Dr. Lecter's peculiarities warrants an appreciation for him not too dissimilar from that of a rare and deadly animal or a lovely yet poisonous flower-they should be treasured for their seldom ness but respectfully viewed at a distance. (Martin). Another determining factor of a bestseller is advertising. Advertising is the main concern of publisher's aiming at best-selling success. Their contents can be enhanced rather than diminished by other media, which support the power of the books to enthrall the imagination. The film version of Hannibal dominated the box office, and alongside all sorts of associated merchandise, renewed interest in Harris and "Hannibal". This type of advertising in a bestseller can encourage its publishers to perpetuate a continuous loop of production, because of the interest from its audiences. Character dominates popular fiction and it is for this reason also that Hannibal is a bestseller. The bestseller expresses and feeds the needs of the public. Harris creates one of the most captivating men ever conceived. Furthermore, Hannibal is able to engage the reader into Dr, Lecter's character as explanation for his behavior is introduced. While in The Silence of the Lambs, Lecter avoided the psychoanalysis of his own behavior; here his twisted ways are explained by childhood trauma that is familiar to regular readers of serial-killer fiction, even if the specifics of the abuse are not. We are left wondering whether the memories of Lecter's childhood horrors are an explanation. He may be evil, but despite his assertion, he was not born that way. Hannibal's abusive life as a child may be the leading cause for his behavior as an adult. Through the creation and evolution of Hannibal, This bestseller brings us into the life of this psychopathic killer. As more and more is revealed about Hannibal in the novel much more than a feeling of fear is felt. This novel engages the reader deeper into the character of Dr. Hannibal Lecter in comparison to its prequel. It is to a great extent that Hannibal can be categorized as a bestseller. Though it's sales information definitely proves that the book was able to make a lot of money and remain popular, the elements in the book also perpetuate its position on the bestseller list.

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