1 Paste your biographical sketch here (maximum 500 words)
Mason Hoffenberg (1922-1986)
After military service in Europe in World War 2, and some years in Greenwich Village, Hoffenberg, like Southern and many other American writers of the period, used the G. I. Bill to fund a return to Paris, where he found work in a number of literary and journalistic connections. Before Candy, he wrote two other pornographic novels for the Olympia Press: Until She Screams (?d; before 1958), under the pseudonym Faustino Perez; and Sin For Breakfast (1957), under the pseudonym Hamilton Drake. Both books are described by Michael Perkins as skilful parodies of the pornographic genre, being self-referential and extremely ironic explorations of the genre. (Sin for Breakfast was reissued by Olympia Press, London, in 1967; by Sphere, London, 1971; and by Grafton, London, 1989.) However, persistent problems with drugs and alcohol seem to have vitiated Hoffenberg's output. He later became part of the entourage around Bob Dylan and the Band, living in the Woodstock, N. Y. area for much of the 1960s and 1970s. In an interview conducted for Playboy in 1973, Hoffenberg expressed some bitterness towards his erstwhile co-author, while admitting to still living on "the Candy money."
Terry Southern (1924-1995)
After attending Southern Methodist University, Texas, and service in World War 2, Southern pursued his education at the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and then at the Sorbonne, University of Paris. He remained in Paris for most of the 1950s, as part of an expatriate literary community, publishing a number of short stories, and writing his first novel, Flash and Filigree (1958). While in Paris, he co-authored the novel Candy with Mason Hoffenberg (accounts vary as to the division of responsibility). On his return to America in 1959, Southern published another novel, The Magic Christian (1959, 1960), and began a productive period as an essayist and fiction writer. In 1964, Candy was published by Putnam's and became an instant bestseller. Previously, Southern had collaborated on the screenplay of Dr Strangelove with director Stanley Kubrick and Peter George, the author of the original novel. Arguments later emerged over the major role of each of the writers: Southern said that at least he had given the script its humor. (Hill, 127) Further screenplay work included The Loved One (1965), Barbarella (1968), and Easy Rider (1969): the latter movie, again, was contentious, as the co-writers, Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper, argued that Southern's contribution to the eventual movie was minimal. (Southern claimed that the most memorable portions of the film, including scenes featuring the lawyer character (played by Jack Nicholson) and the acid trip sequence, were his; certainly, neither Fonda nor Hopper, who both refused to share the eventual massive returns of the film with Southern, ever wrote anything in a similar style.) However, later in the 1960s, Southern's success began to recede, with movie versions of Candy (1968), The Magic Christian (1971) and the publication of his fourth novel, Blue Movie (1970) and other projects failing to repeat his previous success. Southern did some lecturing and desultory writing in the ensuing decades, but only one late novel, Texas Summer (1992), a semi-autobiographical look at his boyhood.
Michael Perkins, The Secret Record: Modern Erotic Literature (New York: William Morrow, 1976), pp. 80-83.
Mason Hoffenberg interview with Sam Merrill, Playboy (November, 1973): online version on website on The Band, url: http://theband.hiof.no/articles/mason_hoffenberg_gets_in_a_few_licks.html
(accessed October 28, 2002)
Lee Hill, A Grand Guy: The Life and Art of Terry Southern (New York: Harper Collins, 2001)