Jakes, John: North and South
(researched by Sonia Karim)

Assignment 1: Bibliographical Description
1 First edition publication information (publisher, place, date, etc.)
Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers 757 Third Avenue New York, NY 10017 Printed in New York and London First Edition, 1982
2 First edition published in cloth, paper, or both? If both, simultaneous or staggered?
First edition published in boards and cloth, with a dust cover jacket.
3 JPEG image of cover art from first edition, if available
4 Pagination
7 unnumbered leaves in beginning Prologue: pp. 1-24 Book One Cover: 25-26 Book One (Chap 1-16): 27-218 Book Two Cover: 219-220 Book Two (Chap 17-32): 221-390 Book Three Cover: 391-392 Book Three (Chap 33-58) 393-618 Book Four Cover: 619-620 Book Four (Chap 59-69): 621-716 Afterword: 717-720 Total Pages (unnumbered and numbered): 738 Total Leaves: 369
5 Edited or Introduced? If so, by whom?
Not edited or introduced, but there is an Afterword written by John Jakes at Hilton Head Island on August 24, 1981 before publication of First Edition.
6 Illustrated? If so, by whom?
No illustrations in the book.
7 JPEG image of sample illustration, if available
8 General physical appearance of book (Is the physical presentation of the text attractive? Is the typography readable? Is the book well printed?)
Typography is approximately 12pt. Serif font,
most likely Times New Roman. Title of book appears on even pages in all caps with page number then a dot then the title. Book title appears on odd pages in italics, then dot, then page number. Page numbers are not in italics. There are 42 lines of text p
er page.General physical appearance of book is attractive, easy to read. Book is in good condition, with a cardboard binding in blue and beige. John Jakes' signature is inscribed in lower right corner of blue portion of book. Binding is in beige with aut
hor name and title of book in large Times New Roman font in black along the side. Dust cover jacket is of same design as image of cover art (click on item #3).
9 JPEG image of sample chapter page, if available
10 Paper (Assess the original quality of the paper used for the book. Is the paper in the copy or copies you examined holding up physically over time?)
Paper is rough kind, that will last for long period of time. Book is in good, clean condit
ion, binding is sturdy and holds the book together well. Pages are clean, almost brand new. Paper is thick with rough feel.
11 Description of binding(s)
Underneath the dust cover jacket (which can be seen in #3), the binding is in cardboard material in blue and beige. The main flap
s are 3/4 blue with John Jakes' signature at the lower right corner of the binding. The side binding is beige with the author's name and title of book in large Times New Roman Font going horizontally (landscape) across the binding. Under the title name,
in small Arial font, there is the name of the publishers, Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich, with their insignia (HBJ) on the side of the bottom of the title of book. Binding is hard, sturdy and in great condition, with little wear and tear.
12 Transcription of title page
N O R T H/ AND /
S O U T H/ JOHN JAKES/ HBJ /Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers New York and London Type face is in large Times New Roman, unbolded in large 30-40pt size, centered on the title page.
13 JPEG image of title page, if available
14 Manuscript Holdings
Unknown.
15 Other (typograpical information from title page, etc.)
Chapter title pages have the number of the chapter centered in approximately 16-20 pt. font, with a one pt. line underlining the number. Th
ere is about two inches of space before the first line of chapter appears, with a two deck drop cap in same font size as chapter number. Book title pages have the Book number written as "BOOK ONE" in all caps with a one pt line underneath, followed by the
Book Title in all caps approximately 20-24 Times New Roman, all caps, bold font, centered all on the page. Bottom right hand corner of each Book title page has an italicized quote, sans quote marks, and an attribution in all caps underneath with a one li
ne space separating the quote and attribution. Both are flushed left.
Assignment 2: Publication and Performance History
1 Did the original publisher issue the book in more than one edition? If so, briefly describe distinguishing features of each (illustrations, cover art, typography, etc.); if not, enter N/A
Paperback edition from Dell released at the same time as Hardcover edition Dell Publishers at Random House, February 1982.
2 JPEG image of cover art from one subsequent edition, if available
3 JPEG image of sample illustration from one subsequent edition, if available
4 How many printings or impressions of the first edition?
First printing was over 2 million copies by Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich, priced at $14.95 a book. Other printings included paperback Dell editions at $4.95 a book.
5 Editions from other publishers? If so, list their dates and publishers; if not, enter N/A
Dell Publishing, paperback, 1983 and 1985. Macmillan Library Reference, October 1985 (Special Editions Series) Large type, out of print. Dell HBJ Mass Market paperback 1982, 1983 Fontana Paperback edition, 1986
6 Last date in print?
The paperback editions of North and South are currently in print.
7 Total copies sold? (source and date of information?)
262,000 copies sold first year, 1982. Need to get total number from Publisher.
8 Sales figures by year? (source and date of information?)
First year (1982) sold 262,000 copies.
9 Advertising copy (transcribe significant excerpts, briefly identify where ads were placed)
Exclusive packaging and promotion. The novel was co-published by Dell and Hartcourt Brace and Jovanovich accompanied with a $400,000 advertising, promotion and publicity campaign and a first printing of more tha
n 2 million copies. There was also a shift from selling the books from ). Dellís director of publicity, Isabel Geffner, reported that the paperback pricing procedures produced the relatively high figure of $4.95 per book. This, according to The New York T
imes is $1 more than the usual top price for mass-market fiction. Despite the escalated price, North and South and its sequels in the trilogy, Love and War and Heaven and Hell all fared well both in the best sellers lists and other forms of mass media. There was also a deliberate shift in selling from airports and convenience stores to bookstores.
10 JPEG image of sample advertisement, if available
11 Other promotion
Some comments and reviews:
Jakes at his best... -- Boston Herald America
Jakes has few peers... -- Detroit Free Press
A marvelous book... should become one of the great novels of American history -- Nashville Banner
Author went on tour to promote release of first edition.
12 Performances in other media? If so, list media, date, title, production information; if not, enter N/A
The miniseries "North and South: Books 1-6" aired on ABC, November 3-10, 1985, costing $25 million to produce. Movie starred Patrick Swayze and Lesley-Anne Downs. The first North and South product
ion (ABC, David L. Wolper Productions, 12 hours) stands at 7th position among the 10 highest rated miniseries of all time. North and South, the first book in Jakes's celebrated Civil War trilogy, was published in 1982, Love and War in 1984, and the concluding volume, Heaven and Hell, in 1987. All three were number one bestsellers, and were made into top-rated ABC Novels for
Television miniseries. Also there are talks of the development of North and South as a major Broadway musical.
13 Translations? If translated, give standard bibliographic information for each translation. If none, enter N/A
Translations in many international languages:
1. Isreal (Hebrew Translation): Title: Tsafon ve-darom G'on G'eks ; tirgum, 'Adi Gintsburg. Published: [Tel-Aviv] : Lilakh, 1987.
2. Arabic Translation: Title: Shumal va Junub Edition: Chap-i 5. Physical description: 7 v. ; 22 cm. Publication info: Tihran : Nashr-i Nay, 1998
3. Greek Translation: Title: Voreioi & notioi. Physical description: 787 p. ; 18 cm. Publication info: Athena : Ekdoseis Karre, 1982
4. French Translation: Title: Nord et Sud : [contenant] Nord et Sud ; Guerre et passion ; Le ciel et l'enfer Physical description: 1614 p. ; 19.8 cm. Publication info: [Paris] : Presses de la Cite, 1993
5. Polish Translation: Title: Polnoc i poludnie Physical description: 2 v. ; 20.3 cm. Publication info: Katowice : Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, 1991 General note: First Polish trade paper edition.
6. German Translation Title: Die Erben Kains : [Roman] Edition: 4. Aufl. Physical description: 776 p. ; 18 cm. Publication info: Bergish Gladbach : Bastei L¸bbe, 1987 1984
7. Spanish Translation Title: Norte y Sur Edition: 1a ed. Physical description: 2 v. (1003 p.) ; 19 cm. Publication info: Barcelona : Grijalbo, 1983
14 Serialization? If serialized, give standard bibliographic information for serial publication. If none, enter N/A
First serial to Family Circle.
15 Sequels/Prequels? Give standard bibliographic information for each. If none, enter N/A
Sequels:
Love and War Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers 757 Third Avenue New York, NY 10017 First edition, 1984
Heaven and Hell Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers 757 Third Avenue New York, NY 10017 First edition, 1987
Assignment 3: Biographical Sketch of the Author
1 Paste your biographical sketch here (maximum 500 words)
John Jakes Biography
John Jakes, author of the eight-volume Kent Family Chronicles and The North and South Trilogy is often praised as "the godfather of the historical novel," or "America's history teacher," (John Jakes Web Site). Born in Chicago in 1932, Jakes at
tended Northwestern University as an undergraduate where he got a start on his professional writing career. Although he was studying acting, he decided to switch his focus to writing when, at age 18, he sold his first story for $25. Jakes claims that one
check "changed the whole direction of [his] life," (John Jakes Web Site).

From Northwestern, Jakes enrolled in a creative writing program at DePauw University. In 1954, he earned his masters in American literature from Ohio State University. He spent his post-college days writing copy for a large pharmaceutical company, and a f
ew advertising agencies, while writing short stories at night. Eventually, Jakes wrote and published 200 short stories, and 60 additional books in the mystery, western and science fiction genres.

Jakes is best known for his ability to write memorable historical fiction. He is a master at "mingling the lives of his fictional characters with those of historical personages, and involving them in the great events of the U.S. and the world," (John
Jakes Web Site). His best-sellers revolve around the story of a family saga with the legendary eight-volume Kent Family Chronicles, the Main and Hazard Families of The North and South Trilogy, and the Crowns of Chicago, in Homeland and
American Dreams
, its sequel.

Jakes began writing, The Bastard, the first of the eight volumes of The Kent Family Chronicles in 1973. The Chronicles, which depicted the lives of a fictional family throughout American history, became an instant hit. All eight
volumes became bestsellers and have never been out of print since their release. John Jakes became the first author ever to have three books on the New York Times best-seller list in a single year with the publication of volumes II, III, and IV in
1975. Over 50 million copies of the Kent Chronicles are currently in print.

His other works include the North and South Trilogy, which portrays the lives of two families during the Civil War era. The first book, North and South was published in 1982, Love and War in 1984 and the final volume, Heaven an
d Hell
, in 1987. All three became number one bestsellers and were made into ABC Novels for Television miniseries, which currently stand as 7th among the 10 highest rated miniseries of all time. Ten million copies of the North and South Trilogy
are currently in print. Jakes' other works include California Gold (1989), and Homeland (1993). Homeland was voted as one of the most "notable books of 1993," by the New York Times.

Currently Jakes holds numerous awards and honorary doctorates at five universities including Ohio State. He is also actively involved in theater and is currently overseeing the development of North and South as a major Broadway musical. He divides
his time between homes in South Carolina and Fairfield County, Connecticut, with his wife Rachel Ann Payne of Danville, Illinois, whom he met at DePauw. Together they have four children and eleven grandchildren.

Assignment 4: Reception History
1 Paste contemporary reception history in here (maximum 500 words)
Following the success of The Kent Family Chronicles, publishers Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich approached author John Jakes to produce a series of hardcover novels depicting events in the Civil War era. The result was Jakes' infamous trio of bestsellers, North and South (1982), Love and War and Heaven and Hell,
collectively entitled the "North and South" Trilogy. Immediately following the release of the first book, North and South in February of 1982, the book soared to the best seller's list, remaining there for multiple weeks. A New York Times Book
Review
critic wrote, "Although as his first hard-cover publication, this novel represents something of a departure for Mr. Jakes, it remains solidly within the historical fiction genre of his previous work, and one can safely predict that this epic ta
le of the 20 years preceding the American Civil War will not disappoint his fans," (New York Times Book Review, March 7, 1982.) Many critics praise North and South's ability to entertain while also providing a well-researched historical backdrop to escort the drama of the fictional rival families, the Hazards and the Mains. The New York Times Book Review boasts t
hat Jakes' "narrative style is straightforward and workmanlike. Mr. Jakes provides seemingly well researched accounts of such things as the intricacies of military academy life, iron making and Southern dueling customs," (pg. 24). Although providing a plethora of well-researched information for perhaps the most vital event in American history, North and South's main function is to entertain the readers. James Idema in the Chicago Tribune Books states, "[John Jakes]
is in top form in this book?. From the start he makes everybody?fictitious and genuine?believable and maintains the plot at an entertaining boil,"(Chicago Tribune Books). Along the same lines, Frank Wilson in the New York Times Book Review
calls Jakes, "a master of the ancient art of storytelling,"(New York Times Book Review. Bruce Cook of The Washington Post Book World writes, "Jakes researches exhaustively. He writes acceptably. He is a master of an old-fashioned sort of nov
el that readers still enjoy," (New York Times Book Review). Still the novel has received some criticism for its purpose. Critics Martin H. Greenberg and Walter Herrscher in the Dictionary of Literary Biography Yearbook: 1983 state that "Jakes' novel cannot be judged by usual literary standards. They ar
e unabashedly fiction for the mass market, and it cannot be expected that they display the virtues of interpretive fiction?Jake's novels do not provide that main quality we expect from interpretive fiction: a sharper and deeper awareness for life, often i
n memorable prose. But James has not claimed to be this kind of writer,"(Dictionary of Literary Biography Yearbook: 1983. Jakes, himself, in an afterward to North and South claims that his main "purpose in writing the novel is to entertain,"
(North and South, pg. 718). Overall, North and South has fared very well in the media, with the trilogy depicted into a hit made-for-television series. Jakes' ability to depict American history in a personable, entertaining and dramatic manner while balancing an accura
te historical background is incredible and he clearly deserves the recognition and appraisal that the trio Civil War novels wrought.
2 Paste subsequent reception history in here (maximum 500 words)
Following the success of The Kent Family Chronicles, publishers Hartcourt Brace Jovanovich approached author John Jakes to produce a series of hardcover novels depicting events in the Civil War era. The result was Jakes' infamous trio of bestsellers, North and South (1982), Love and War and Heaven and Hell,
collectively entitled the "North and South" Trilogy. Immediately following the release of the first book, North and South in February of 1982, the book soared to the best seller's list, remaining there for multiple weeks. A New York Times Book
Review
critic wrote, "Although as his first hard-cover publication, this novel represents something of a departure for Mr. Jakes, it remains solidly within the historical fiction genre of his previous work, and one can safely predict that this epic ta
le of the 20 years preceding the American Civil War will not disappoint his fans," (New York Times Book Review, March 7, 1982.) Many critics praise North and South's ability to entertain while also providing a well-researched historical backdrop to escort the drama of the fictional rival families, the Hazards and the Mains. The New York Times Book Review boasts t
hat Jakes' "narrative style is straightforward and workmanlike. Mr. Jakes provides seemingly well researched accounts of such things as the intricacies of military academy life, iron making and Southern dueling customs," (pg. 24). Although providing a plethora of well-researched information for perhaps the most vital event in American history, North and South's main function is to entertain the readers. James Idema in the Chicago Tribune Books states, "[John Jakes]
is in top form in this book?. From the start he makes everybody?fictitious and genuine?believable and maintains the plot at an entertaining boil,"(Chicago Tribune Books). Along the same lines, Frank Wilson in the New York Times Book Review
calls Jakes, "a master of the ancient art of storytelling,"(New York Times Book Review. Bruce Cook of The Washington Post Book World writes, "Jakes researches exhaustively. He writes acceptably. He is a master of an old-fashioned sort of nov
el that readers still enjoy," (New York Times Book Review). Still the novel has received some criticism for its purpose. Critics Martin H. Greenberg and Walter Herrscher in the Dictionary of Literary Biography Yearbook: 1983 state that "Jakes' novel cannot be judged by usual literary standards. They ar
e unabashedly fiction for the mass market, and it cannot be expected that they display the virtues of interpretive fiction?Jake's novels do not provide that main quality we expect from interpretive fiction: a sharper and deeper awareness for life, often i
n memorable prose. But James has not claimed to be this kind of writer,"(Dictionary of Literary Biography Yearbook: 1983. Jakes, himself, in an afterward to North and South claims that his main "purpose in writing the novel is to entertain,"
(North and South, pg. 718). Overall, North and South has fared very well in the media, with the trilogy depicted into a hit made-for-television series. Jakes' ability to depict American history in a personable, entertaining and dramatic manner while balancing an accura
te historical background is incredible and he clearly deserves the recognition and appraisal that the trio Civil War novels wrought.
Assignment 5: Critical Analysis
1 Paste your critical analysis in here (maximum 2500 words)
After five years of keeping up to date with the latest occurrences in The Kent Family Chronicles, John Jakes' fans were more than ready for his next historical debut. North and South officially becam
e an important milestone in John Jakes' career. In February 1982, it was released as the first of his historical novels to appear in hard cover. All eight novels of The Kent Family Chronicles, preceding North and South, were published as pa
perback originals, acquiring an enormously loyal following. The Chronicles sold over 30 million copies, according to The Washington Post, February 3, 1982.

Publishers Hartcourt Brace and Jovanovich approached John Jakes, following the success of The Chronicles to produce a series of hardcover novels covering events from the Civil War era. Jakes' accomplished just that with the North and South
trilogy. The big question the publishers had to face, however, was whether they (the publishers and the fans) could handle the leap from a $2.95 price tag (from The Chronicles) to one of $14.95 and the "more complicated shift form sales in airports
and convenience stores to sales primarily in bookstores," (The Washington Post, February 3, 1982). Jakes proved that he could surpass these obstacles. Within a week of its release, The New York Times Book Review reported in February 14, 19
82, its "Late City Final Edition", that North and South was number 5 in their best sellers list, competing with such titles as The Hotel New Hampshire (Dutton/Henry Robbins) by John Irving, which was number 1, that week and Rabbit is Rich
(Knopf) by John Updike, which was number 6, that week. Two weeks later, February 28, 1982, North and South was number one in that same New York Times review. The book remained at top ten for a total of 27 weeks until August 8, 1982. <
I>North and South was runner up to Robert Ludlum's The Parsifal Mosaic as the biggest selling hardcover fiction books in 1982, according to a New York Times survey. Other books that topped the 1982 celebrated list were, number 3, The
Prodigal Daughter
(Linden Press) by Jeffery Archer, number 8, Different Seasons (Viking) by Stephen King and number 9, Valley of Horses (Crown) by Jean M. Auel.

Some of North and South's fame could be attributed to its exclusive packaging and promotion. Jakes' 812 page novel was co-published by Dell and Hartcourt Brace and Jovanovich accompanied with a $400,000 advertising, promotion and publicity campaign
and a first printing of more than 2 million copies, (New York Times, January 30, 1983). Dell's director of publicity, Isabel Geffner, reported that the paperback pricing procedures produced the relatively high figure of $4.95 per book. This, acco
rding to The New York Times is $1 more than the usual top price for mass-market fiction. Despite the escalated price, North and South and its sequels in the trilogy, Love and War and Heaven and Hell all fared well both in the
best sellers lists and other forms of mass media.

The novel, North and South and the trilogy as a whole, follows the saga of two families, the northern Hazards and the southern Mains. The Hazards are an industrial factory owning family in Pennsylvania during the pre-Civil war era, while the Mains
run an agricultural, slave-owning plantation in South Carolina. The sons of both families, George Hazard and Orry Main meet during training at West Point in the 1840s and become best friend. Their friendship, however, withstands harsh obstacles when then
end up on opposing sides during the Civil War. "Not a shockingly innovative plot, perhaps, but at 740 pages, thick as a brick with period detail drawn from extensive research at West Point and travels to historic sites," a February 28, 1982 article in >The Washington Post states. Jakes places great emphasis on the historical research he conducts before writing his novels. "I feel a real responsibility to the readers," Jakes said in The Washington Post article. "I began to realize about two
or three books into the Kent series that I was the only source of history that some of these people had ever had! Maybe they'll never read a Barbara Tuchman book?but down at the K-mart, they'll pick up one of mine." According to Washington Post, pe
ople did, in fact millions did. "The process developed a ravenous appetite for the fastest growing genre in publishing: the paperback original, multi-volume family historical saga. For brevity's sake call them clanbacks."

There is a subtle sense of mission in Jakes' writing of North and South along the lines of educating his readers about American history. Jakes deliberately attempts to introduce an "unvarnished look at the ideology of the era," the Post clai
ms. "If there is little nobility in the characterization of either abolitionists or slaves, well, ?the racial attitudes even in the North were deplorable, but I feel an obligation to talk about what really was. And we were really a racist society at that
time,'" Jakes claims.

The incredible popularity to the novel, North and South, its succeeding sequels and the preceding Kent Family Chronicles had much to do with the "Clanback boom" in fiction genre, Jakes believes. This genre depicts large American Families un
dergoing tough times, using each other as their support systems to survive their dilemmas. According to The Washington Post (February 28, 1982), Jakes believes that "the family-saga genre is very strong these days [because] the American family is
in such disarray, and has been for 15 years." According to the Post, "the Nielsen ratings for "Dallas," "Little House on the Prairie," "The Waltons," "Falcon Crest," "Dynasty," and "Flamingo Road" tend to corroborate his thesis, as do the seven-fig
ure sales for other clanbacks."

Some believe that the clanback genre is strong because John Jakes gave it muscle, according to the Post. Before The Kent Family Chronicles, Jakes was hardly a big name in the book business. The genre belonged to Canadian novelist Mazo De La
Roche, who from 1927 until her death in 1961 published 15 volumes of her "Jalna" series, taking the Whiteoak family in the 1850s forward through several generations, according to the Post. Another writer, Louis L' Amour was also, simultaneously wor
king for years on his Sackett Family Saga for Bantam.

Pyramid paperback agent, Lyle Kenyon Engel, who published all eight of Jakes Kent Family Chronicles, claims to have "pioneered" the genre, saying the Kents were the first clanbacks actually designed as a series, according to the Post. From t
hen on, the phenomenon of the new genre "spread like manifest destiny," with publishers leaping to supply the new demand. Back in 1982, with the release of North and South, the Post claims that over major 50 series are now competing in the c
lanback genre. Jakes, himself, makes a sociological observation to the clanback explosion. He says, in the Post article, "As we came out of Vietnam and the Watergate period, people wanted to be reminded of, as Lincoln said, ?the better angels' in our character.'"
Jakes in turn, according to the Post infuses his books with the sense that "we have a tremendous amount to be proud of."

Many critics are skeptical about North and South gaining as much acclaim as it did after its release. Many agree, that as a novel, the book is not very well written, is overly melodramatic and redundant. They also chide the book on not accomplishin
g anything besides being a cheesy, melodramatic novel that feeds to the public and tops the best-sellers list. In a February 3, 1982 review in The Washington Post, Jonathan Yardley writes, "It's easy enough to be condescending toward fiction as int
erminable and resolutely middle-brow as this. It's true that Jakes lacks imagination at characterization, that his prose is rarely better (or worse) than competent, that he knows (and pulls) all the old melodramatic tricks. All of that is true, yet it rem
ains that his novels are reliably entertaining in a solid, predictable, comfortably old-fashioned way. Like such predecessors in the genre of popular historical fiction as Thomas B. Costain and Samuel Shellabarger, Jakes delivers what the genre promises:
a long tale sure to last the reader through many subway trips or winter evenings, a tale that while it entertains will also instruct, taking the reader on a painless excursion into the past."

And Jakes accomplishes just that. His primary purpose in writing North and South was to entertain, he writes in his forward to the book. Jakes says, "The primary purpose of North and South is to entertain. Still, I wanted the story to be an
accurate reflection of the period; not so much a retelling of every last incident that contributed to the outbreak of war in Charleston harbor, but a fair representation of prevailing attitudes and tensions on both sides." Yardley also calls Jakes a "popu
larizer" who's proud of that fact. In his review, he mentions that Jakes' hero is Bruce Catton, the author of several narrated Civil War histories that were very popular in the ?50s and ?60s. Jakes' above all does not want to be characterized as a histori
an. He does not hold very much respect for academic historians and their writing styles. Jakes once said, "If professional historians wrote with a fraction of color, humor and humanity of this 19th century soldier, history would be a more attractive study
to many more people," (The Washington Post, February 3, 1982).

As far as his goals for entertaining while educating the mass public in North and South, Yardley feels that Jakes has well accomplished his objective. Many are unaware that Jakes had recently received a scholarship around the time of the release of
North and South on slavery and of altered attitudes toward that institution. Because of this, Yardley feels that he is able to give "what is doubtless a far more realistic and honest portrait of the antebellum South than has previously been availa
ble in popular historical fiction," (Post).

Often Jakes' novel has been compared to the likes of Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind. Both deal with the same historical era, though often critics say that Jakes' loses in certain aspects of the comparison. Yardley mentions in the Post> review, that "Jakes loses the competition against Margaret Mitchell in the departments of characterization, local color and prose style, but he wins hands down in the department of accuracy. He does give us some of the peaceable kingdom that is at the c
enter of the Old South myth, but he is at pains to recreate the agonies of slavery and the human degradation (of both slave and master) that is involved." Nonetheless, the novel in well written and a very engrossing read.

Yardley sums up Jakes' novel as a whole beautifully, and most critics agree, when he writes in his review, "Meantime let it be said that Jakes has assembled an intelligent, unpretentious entertainment that a great many readers will find undemandingly enjo
yable. Say it for Jakes that if his characters are out or Central Casting, he nonetheless makes the reader care about them; that if his villains are entirely too villainous, his heroes are refreshingly complex and well endowed with ambiguities: that he ha
s a firm grasp on the intricate connections between private lives and public events. North and South is an honest piece of work," (Post, February 3, 1982).

It is interesting that Yardley picks up on Jakes' characters from North and South being from Central Casting, because certain characters in the made-for-television movie that ensued from the novel in 1985, certainly were. The movie was a $25-30 mil
lion dollar, 12 hour production (The New York Times, November 7, 1985), making it the most expensive production ever done for the small screen, [up until 1985] according to The Washington Post, November 3, 1985 article. Though the miniseries
during its airing the first week in November, in six evening installments for two hours a day, was a great hit, many critics were skeptical about the quality of the production. Michael E. Hill, a Washington Post writer wrote, "In short: A soap op
era?even a $30 million one is still a soap opera?Even without the Civil War, there is a fair amount of violence, an--
d an abundance of sex. A number of women who step out of line are put back in their places by the backs of men's hands. And there are
the perfunctory slave-beatings. Some of the love scenes are among the most explicit you've seen on prime-time network television. And low cut gowns complemented by uplifting corsets produce the much east-west cleavage as there was between the North and th
e South," (The Washington Post, November 3, 1985).

David Wolper, the man behind the television remake of "Roots" and "The Thorn Birds", produced the television series. The cast included James Read who played George Hazard and Patrick Swayze as Orry Main. There was also a special cameo appearance by Eliza
beth Taylor as a madam at a fashionable southern brothel in the movie.

Consequently, all three novels in the North and South trilogy were made into made-for-television series, after hitting the best sellers lists. All three movies have become successful not just in its nationwide debut, but around the world as well. J
akes said once during an interview in California, "The first two miniseries have had such an enormous success around the world that I have gained readers by the millions in such places as Bulgaria and Poland," (The Phoenix Gazette, February 25, 199
4). It was after the airing of the first two miniseries, North and South and Love and War that the novels were sold abroad. Producer Wolpner claims that the "North and South Trilogy" was one of the most successful in the foreign markets, eq
ually as successful as "The Thorn Birds" and "Roots." Wolpner says in The Phoenix Gazette, "There is something about the American Civil War that fascinated people around the world. In Germany, they've played it four times, and we still get mail fr
om there."

All three movies faired well on television placing Top 10 in the Nielson ratings. The movies air dates spanned from November 1985 for "North and South," May, 1986 for "Love and War" and February, 1994 for "Heaven and Hell." Following the airing, a revive
d interest in the Civil War era and holding of war records and manuscripts have ensued. "A lot of people want[ed] to see if they had any family in the [Civil] war. There's a big demand for military records. We got 2,000 to 3,000 requests a week," Karl Wei
ssenbach, a consultant at the National Archives in Washington told The Los Angeles Times in their May 21, 1986 edition.

Overall, the commotion over the North and South Trilogy did not die down for over a decade and a half. From novel releases topping the best sellers list, to made-for-television movies and a project in the works that may take North and South
to Broadway, the popularity of Jakes' books are one of landmark proportions in history and also have given a gigantic push in the book publishing genre of "clanback" fiction. Since then, Jakes continues to write equally popular novels on other American historical eras in his subsequent novels, California Gold (1989) and Homeland (1993). As far as future plans go, Jakes has already said following the release and
success of his Trilogy, "I'll never retire. That's one of the things I admire about Michener? I have a box full of ideas," (The Washington Post, February 28, 1982. How far Jakes will go and how many more best-sellers he can churn out, remain
s to be seen in the coming decades.

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